1,000 Hours

In 1924, technological developments caused the electric lightbulb to become particularlu durable, leading to a dramatic drop in sales. In December of that year, representatives of the ten leading light bulb manufacturers gathered in Geneva to found the Pheobus Cartel – a global scale supervisory body for lightbulb production. The cartel members engineered a lightbulb with a shorter life span – 1,000 hours – a sharp reduction from the former 2000 hours. By doing so, they formulated a new industrial strategy known today as “Planned Obsolescence”, which serves the economic interests of manufacturers while exploiting valuable natural resources. In response, 1,000 Hours preserves daylight using ten ceramic ampoules. Each ampoule contains the color temperature of the daylight sky of a specific time and place in each of the cartel member countries. In order for the light to be seen, the ampoule must be broken.


Daniel Garber, Amalia Magril

The project was created as part of the Geo-Design program, Design Academy Eindhoven, Netherlands. Tutors: Giuditta Vendrame, Bruno Alves de Almeida.